Category Archives: Plant

What Garden Plants Last Year After Year

What Garden Plants Last Year After Year

Different plants have different life spans. Annual plants live only one year. Perennial plants live for many years.

There are two types of perennial plants; woody perennials, which are shrubs and rose bushes, and herbaceous perennials, which make up the bulk of the perennial flower plants.

Annuals

Annuals generally propagate by seed and can be easily grown from seeds. Local garden centers also carry a variety of annual plants that can be easily transplanted into your garden.

Established annuals should be planted in the garden in the spring after all danger of frost is past. You can find out typically when the growing season begins, in your area of the country, from your local garden center or possibly from a farmer’s almanac. Another good source of information for growing seasons in different areas of land would be the farmers association accessed through your local chamber of commerce or library.

Each variety of annual will have different needs for sun exposure and water. Making sure that you give your annuals the proper sun exposure and water will give you longer lasting plants and more colorful blooms in your garden.

Perennials

Many perennials also propagate by seed and are easily grown from seed. However, unlike annuals, some perennials may not bloom the first season and will not reach their full growth for at least two years and often for three to four years. Perennials offer great advantages in the garden for their brilliantly colored blooms and because they do not need to be replanted each year.

Like annuals, perennials also have specific needs for sun exposure, watering and fertilizing.

Bulbs, Rhizomes and Tubers

Bulbs, rhizomes and tubers are part of the root systems of plants like Day Lilies, Iris, Tulips and many other perennial plants. Unlike annuals and perennials that are planted from seed, the bulbs and rhizomes must have at least two months at temperatures below 40 degrees F in order to bloom.

Therefore, these plants should usually be planted in the fall. Perennials may sleep like bears in the woods, throughout the entire winter, but will flourish and blossom come the next Spring.

Growing bedding plants

Growing bedding plants

Bedding plants have become an indispensable item for landscape use, presenting an array of flowers and foliage that add colour and texture to the landscapes of homes, apartment complexes, shopping malls, public buildings, city streets and parks.

They are ideal for planting on their own or with most other plants in a whole range of arrangements such as hanging baskets, tubs and pots, window boxes, troughs and of course in borders in the garden. Bedding plants are temporary so your displays can be different each year.

Bedding plants are really all plants that, irrespective of their growing habits, are used to make a temporary show. For example: Busy Lizzies (Impatiens) and Fibrous Begonias enjoy shady areas as will Pansies, Canterbury Bells, Lobelia and Coleus.

The ever popular are Surfinia, Geraniums, Alyssum, Ageratum, Verbena, Marigolds and Fuchsias for tubs, hanging baskets and borders.

Bedding plants are traditionally planted in early spring when the danger of frost is past. Bedding plants include herbaceous annuals such as Petunia, Salvia, Ageratum and Perennials such as Canna, Chrysanthemum, and Lantana. They are available commercially, but many people find that germinating their own plants and caring for them until they are ready for flower beds is both satisfying and inexpensive.

Harden-off the plants by gradually getting them acclimatised to the weather conditions outside. Start with ventilate the coldframe by opening the lid slightly on warm, still days only, closing it at night. After a few days, gradually increase the amount of ventilation each day until you remove the lid completely. Summer bedding plants, such as Antirrhinums and Alyssum, can be moved out a month before the last frost date. Tender plants such as Begonias, Busy Lizzies and Pelargoniums should not be placed into the coldframe before the last expected frost date.

Bedding plant sites should be spaded or tilled several weeks before planting. Incorporation of organic matter into planting beds will increase nutrient and water holding capacities of these soils. Organic materials such as compost or peat should be thoroughly mixed into the soil.

It is important to blend colours together – try planting drifts of colour in borders. Use ‘hot’ colours – reds, yellows, oranges, or ‘cool’ colours – blues, lavender, silver and white for different effects.

Bedding plants should be watered immediately after planting and daily until they have become established. After establishment, they should be watered on an “as needed” basis. The frequency of irrigation will depend on soil type, exposure to sunlight and kind of bedding plant

Hanging baskets may require watering more than once a day, especially during hot weather. If the compost does dry out, water thoroughly and repeat. Create good drainage to prevent waterlogging in containers.

Excellent Office Plants that Improve Air Quality

Excellent Office Plants that Improve Air Quality

Whenever an interior designer wants to liven up a room, decorating with living things is one of the best ways to do it. Plants are typically the first decorative choices to accessorize an office because they bring a certain sense of vitality to an otherwise industrial look. However, what some interior designers may not realize is that desk plants are actually extremely healthy for office environments too! Cities are full of terrible pollutants that can take a toll on health, and plants provide beautiful air purifiers. If you’re looking to liven up your office space, and feel a little healthier as well, here’s five great plants for the home and office that may have you breathing a little easier!

Spider Plant

Spider plants are great for office environments in particular because they bring tons of life to a room with very little care. This plant does well in hanging baskets or pots with lots of rich soil, and can survive infrequent waterings. It prefers bright sunlight, but can thrive well under artificial lighting for office workspaces too. Reseachers at the University of Hawaii performed studies on this little beauty that proved it as a great plant for cities. They found that spider plants are one of the top leafy greens for removing harmful VOCs from the air indoors. As a result, people around this plant breathe easier and have less toxins in their system to impair cognitive function. And best of all, they feel better. For all these reasons and more, it is the perfect plant for those that work high in the skyscrapers!

Peace Lily

If you want a plant that looks just as beautiful as the rest of your office, say hello to the gorgeous peace lily! This pretty plant looks best sitting on the corners of great corner desks for office use while it’s young, and looks just as elegant in a corner of it’s own as it grows bigger. Studies by the University of Minnesota, Penn State, a University of Technology in Taiwan, and even NASA and the U.S. military have all produced results that have proven the peace lily’s extraordinary air cleansing abilities. Like the spider plant, it is adept at removing harmful VOCs from the air. It does well in nutrient rich potting soil with loose dirt and plenty of drainage. For those that want frequent flowerings, this plant requires a bit more waterings for those that can handle the task!

Lemon Balm

Stuck in an office that’s prone to mold or other smelly smells? Then the lemon balm is the desk plant for you! This aromatic plant provides all the air cleansing qualities you would want and even puts off a wonderful perfume all it’s own. As you may have guessed, the lemon balm smells a lot like lemons, and studies have shown that it is great for improving mood. They do wonderful in office environments that don’t get a whole lot of sunlight, making them ideal accents in stylish cubicles for office environments. Just plant this lovely little shrub in a size appropriate pot and water it frequently for an aromatic office that everyone within a whiff of will surely appreciate.

Golden Pothos

In another NASA study, the golden pothos proved to be a top air cleanser alongside the peace lily. This pretty little plant boasts adorable heart-shaped leaves that compliment modern executive desks for home office use with ease! Hardworking moms and dads are sure to love it, and they make great gifts for holidays. They thrive beautifully in low-light environments, making them perfect for both home and corporate office environments. They actually prefer slightly dry soil and being a little bit root bound, so don’t worry too much about proper care. All they ask is a an appropriately sized pot or hanging basket, and they’re ready to get to work cleaning your office air!

Gardenia

A grandmother’s favorite for a reason, gardenias are perfect for gardens and offices alike. According to research from Rugers, this beautiful little plant makes an excellent air cleaner and actually improves your mood as well. Just a few whiffs of its wonderful scent will have you swooning. Its classic look and brain stimulating qualities make it the perfect plant to sit on the edge of pretty glass desks for computer use in either home or public office environments. With moderate sunlight and a bit of fair care, your gardenia may even last your whole career as they can live for up to twenty-five years!

Plant Stanols and Sterols

Plant Stanols and Sterols

Cholesterol is the last thing you want to have to worry about. As you get older, you invariably have to start paying more attention to your health, but you deserve the peace of mind that comes with knowing that your cholesterol isnt putting you at risk for heart disease, strokes, or other circulatory problems. There are a few different ways you can accomplish this.

First of all, you can try to lower the amount of cholesterol you take in from the food you eat. This means youll want to avoid “animal foods”, such as meat, fish, and eggs. However, unless you are committed to a vegan diet, you cannot totally avoid sources of cholesterol in your diet, and your body still needs the protein that such foods provide. If reducing these foods isnt enough, or youd rather not miss out on the occasional steak, you can look for a prescription medicine to help.

Prescription drugs tend to be effective at getting the numbers where they should be, but that doesnt mean you are automatically healthier. Whatever a drug is doing to get your body to behave differently, this often leads to other problems, because its not really fixing the problem. In common cholesterol-lowering drugs, you might experience some side effects like constipation, diarrhea, nausea, loss of kidney function, and even memory loss!

To lower your cholesterol safely and naturally, there are supplements that utilize natural compounds called plant stanols and sterols. These are compounds that provide an essential component to animal and plant cell membranes. Cholesterol is a sterol of human cells, while phytosterols are found in plants. So, what would happen if you took a supplement with plant sterols and stanols?

You might think of the plant stanols and sterols as extra buckets for cholesterol, or even as magnets that attract cholesterol away from your “bad cholesterol,” the kind called LDL. However, unlike LDL cholesterol, plant stanols and sterols carry less because they arent as absorbent. In other words, when your liver produces cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein transports that cholesterol throughout your body, the LDL is known to leave behind some deposits of plaque in your arteries, or triglycerides. When you take a supplement with plant stanols and sterols, it provides additional “buckets” to carry around cholesterol, but ones that are shallower and wont carry as much as the LDL would. All of this means that there is less LDL cholesterol, and with less LDL cholesterol there is less plaque and gunk in your arteries.

Studies have demonstrated that taking plant sterols daily can reduce your risk of heart disease by 10% to 14%. And you can have this benefit without worrying about harming your body or suffering unnecessary side effects that a prescription drug might cause. In the end, your goal is to give yourself the best quality of life you can get with the lowest risk of a life-threatening condition like heart disease, stroke, etc. Using a product like Heart Savior, which contains nearly 100% pure plant stanols and sterols, gives you the best balance between reducing your risk and keeping an excellent quality of life.

Tips on Maintaining Bougainvillea Plant

Tips on Maintaining Bougainvillea Plant

Bougainvillea is as well known as Paper flower is from the family of Nyctaginaceae and is a native of Brazil. This tropical trailing plant is grown in containers and is perfect for hanging baskets and the place it can flow its lively flowering vines. The flower is unremarkably compared to the vibrantly multi-colored bracts like paper that encircle the flower.

In the spring season at the beginning of the budding season, Water these plants a few hours before hand as it will make it easy to take away the plant from the container. Cautiously take it out from the container and with a pointed blade cut it into segments. Remove tangled and dead roots. Ensure to make use of clean containers and new peat based soil. Plant it the similar way that it was planted earlier. After using another container prune away one-third of the vines, this will provide the roots some time to raise and preserve the leaves.

Some of the Bougainvilleas can make progress after getting destroyed due to frost provided that the roots are not frozen. Wait to trim whilst all risk of frost has conceded in the region. Some branches that are dead might shock you and grow again in the spring. If you trim in advance and if the roots get hit by one more frost any latest growth will be particularly responsive to frost. If there is another frost then you should immediately cover up your plant with a plastic or blanket. Optimistically, the plant will come back twice as attractive.

This plant does well in a hot and steamy climate. They flourish in complete heat and sun and blossom best when to some extent held stressed. They are serious feeders and supposed to be fed frequently with half strength manure to keep them blossoming the entire season. To the extent that the automatic watering, two times a day might not let the plant tumble dry and will maintain it in a moist condition the whole time that will encourage the growth but no flowers. One cant water a plant to their plan; they should water as per the plant requirements particularly during the rainy season. So much of watering is not a good idea. If the leaves that are wet do not have a possibility to dry within a little time then they can be caught up by diseases like powdery mildew and leaf spot.

Reasons Why Your Aquarium Plants May Be Dying

Reasons Why Your Aquarium Plants May Be Dying

Live aquarium plants can be a beautiful addition to an aquarium, whether you have it stocked with fish or not. But many aquarium owners who have trouble keeping their plants alive finally give up populate their aquarium with artificial plants. But keeping your plants alive and healthy is not really that difficult if you know what they like and need. Here are some of the main reasons that aquarium plants end up dying or not thriving well.

Failing to provide enough light for your plant. Light is extremely important for a plant. You can provide a plant with buckets of food and nutrients, but if you don’t give it enough light, it won’t last long. Now these days, most of the tanks that you find will come with a light attached to the tank top. Alternatively, it will come with pre-drilled holes that have been setup to allow you to install a light relatively easily. If not, most acrylic tanks will allow you to drill your own holes and set up your own lighting. Of course, another perfectly good alternative is simply to place your aquarium on the south side of your apartment or house, near a window where it will be sure to get plenty of light.

Not paying attention to your plant’s roots. If the plant is a new one, the brown leaves may be nothing more than the plant adjusting to it’s new home. Most plants experience some sort of shock when transplanted from one place to another. It’s nothing unusual. Just give it a bit of time to adjust and it should do fine. However, if your plant is an established plant and has been doing fine for a long time but suddenly the leaves start to turn brown and fall off – the roots may simply have come loose from the soil or gravel. It’s not unusual for roots to come loose in aquariums, especially if you have fish that love to dig. In this case, simply replant or reposition the plant making sure that the roots are well covered and secure.

Too many plants for the space. Plants are alive and need room to grow. In the closed confines of an aquarium, it’s easy to have a crowded aquarium. You have too many plants fighting for too few resources. Give your plants plenty of room to grow by providing it with a large enough aquarium to accommodate it’s future growth spurts. If it starts to get a bit unwieldy, it also helps to trim it every once in a while to control it’s growth.

The wrong plant in the wrong environment. Plants are living things. And like all living things they do better in some environments than in others. You may have fallen in love with the most perfect, beautiful tropical plant to your eyes. But, if you live in the northern part of Alaska, chances are your plant is not going to survive. Many times the cause of a dying plant can be traced directly back to it not being right for the environment it has been moved to.

Many times the poor performance of a plant is where it was purchased. It’s not unusual to discover that most animal and fish stores are set up to deal with animals, not plants. To many of them, plants are simply a side line. If you notice that a store has only a few types of plants for sale and a rather small stock, it’s a good guess that they aren’t very knowledgeable about the types of plants that will do well in your environment. Also, if most of the store’s plants are yellowing or brown, or if the plants seem to be not well cared for, it’s probably best to continue to look elsewhere. The last thing that you want to do is to introduce a diseased plant into your aquarium.

Plant Spirit Shamanism Cleansing the soul

Plant Spirit Shamanism Cleansing the soul

In the ceremony of limpia cleansing the patient may sit on a wooden chair below which is a bowl of smoking copal incense. This will purify the patients body and is relaxing to any spirit intrusions, which are made drowsy by the smoke. As the limpia takes place, the shaman circles the patient, chanting, blowing tobacco smoke over her and stoking her body with flowers. The tobacco smoke eases the passage of the intrusion, which is then caught by and re-housed in the flowers.

Sometimes an offerenda is also made in thanks for the healing – or to the intrusion for leaving – in which case a gift of some kind may be tied up with the flowers. The whole bundle is then taken into nature and buried so the spirit will not be disturbed and others wont be infected by it. Coastal shamans may take the flowers to the sea instead and cast them to the waves so the tide takes them away from the shore.

In the Amazon rainforest, it is not flowers that are used, but the leaves of the chacapa bush. These are approximately nine inches long and, when dried, are tied together to make a medicine tool which is used as a rattle during ceremonies. In a healing, the chacapa is rubbed and rattled over or near the patients body to capture or brush out the spirit intrusion. Once he has it in his chacapa, the shaman then blows through the leaves to disperse the intrusion into the rainforest where the spirits of the plants absorb and discharge its energy.

Another way of dealing with intrusions is the use of cleansing leaf baths, a method practiced in Haiti as much as in Peru. Haitian shaman, Loulou Prince, explains:

There are specific leaves, strong-smelling leaves, which help people who are under spiritual attack. I mix these leaves with rum and sea water to make a bath for the person, then I bathe her and I pray to the leaves to bless her. I sing songs for the spirits and the ancestors as well, and ask them to come help this person.

The rest of the bath that is left over, I put in a green calabash bowl or a bottle, and before the person goes to sleep at night, I have her rub her arms and legs with it. When that is done, no curse can work on that person and the evil is removed.

How this evil comes to infect a patient in the first place has to do with jealousy.

As an example, Loulou was asked to perform a healing for a young child brought to him by a woman who had four children, two of whom had already died through the actions of spirits that came to her house at night to suck the life force from them. The woman was a market trader who had made a little money (a rare commodity in Haiti). Her neighbour was jealous and had sent spirits to kill her children.

I bathed the child to break the bad magic. Then I gave him leaves to make his blood bitter, so it would taste and smell bad to the spirits, and they would go away. After that, the child got better; he got fat and he grew. That boy is a young man now.

Plant Spirit Shamanism Plant communication

Plant Spirit Shamanism Plant communication

How is it possible as shamans contend – that plants can affect human beings, situations, circumstances, and life energies remotely, as it were? That is, without being used as a form of curative for a specific medical problem, but more as a means of magical attractant, harmoniser, or conduit for spirit, energy, or luck?

Lets ask Cleve Backster, a scientist working in the unlikely field of lie detection and interrogation techniques, whose job was to teach policemen and security agents how to use polygraph equipment and interpret its results. Backster decided one day to attach the electrodes of a lie detector to the leaf of a dracaena plant to see if the device was sensitive enough to pick up reactions from a non-human subject. Probably not, he mused, but there might be some reaction if he burned the leaf to which the electrodes were attached. The second he thought this – and before he had even picked up a match – there was a dramatic peak in the tracing pattern on the polygraph chart (a trace signature that Backster would eventually come to recognise as fear).

Intrigued by this, Backster continued his research, testing almost 30 different plants in the same way: by attaching electrodes to them and then thinking of some action he might take towards the plant. The results were always the same.

It was significant that the plants reacted before any action was taken, leading Backster to conclude that not only are plants as sensitive (or even more so) as human beings, but they are also able to read emotions and intentions because there is a form of psychic connection, or affinity, between plants and people.

As his work progressed, Backster realised that plants react not just to threats, but to presences or movements in their environment. He demonstrated to a group at Yale, for example, that the movement of a spider in the same room as a plant caused changes in the trace patterns of a polygraph to which that plant was attached. The plant had a precognitive sense of the impending and was attuned to intention before the movement itself. “The spider’s decision was being picked up by the plant, said Backster. They [plants] seemed to be attuned to animal life. Backsters other results show that plants have memory, emotions, and very human-like reactions, as well as psychic abilities. In one of his experiments, six students randomly drew lots to see which of them would destroy one of two plants in a room. The person chosen would commit the murder in secret so that Backster and the other students would not know his identity. In fact, only the second plant would know who the murderer was because only it would witness the crime. When the murder was done, Backster attached a polygraph to the surviving plant and paraded his students one by one in front of it. The needle went off the scale when the murderer appeared. In a kinder experiment Backster also demonstrated the love or empathy between a plant and its owner. One day he accidentally cut his finger and noticed that a plant being monitored demonstrated a stress reaction of its own, as if it was experiencing Backsters pain and shock at the sight of his blood. Using this perceived affinity as the basis for his experiment, Backster walked to a different building some blocks away and directed loving thoughts towards the plant. The polygraph recording showed a heightened trace as the plant picked up his intentions. To see how far such thoughts could be transferred, Backster asked a friend to send love to her plants while she was 700 miles away, and then recorded their reactions. By synchronising their watches, Backster was able to prove that not only did the plants respond to their owners thoughts at the moment she sent them, but they also felt her anxiety when her plane touched down at her destination. Even when the plants were locked in a lead container, the results were the same. Whatever created empathy between plant and human came from something outside the electromagnetic spectrum. Another lucky accident led Backster to explore this further. One evening, he was about to feed a raw egg to his dog and noticed that as he broke the shell one of his monitored plants reacted strongly. Curious to see what the plant might be reacting to and what feelings the egg might be transmitting, Backster attached another egg to a galvanometer, and monitored it for nine hours. What he got was a trace corresponding to the normal heartbeat of a chicken embryo, even though the egg was unfertilized. His conclusion was that there is a life force or energetic field that connects and is contained within all things. Another researcher (Alfred Vogel) brought us closer to an understanding of this field when one of his students, Vivian Wiley, conducted an experiment of her own. She picked two leaves from a saxifrage plant and took them into her house. Each day she projected love towards one of these and the intention that it would live, despite giving it no water and simply leaving it on her bedside table; the other leaf she completely ignored. One month later Vogel went to her home to photograph the results. The leaf that was ignored was dry and decaying, as you would expect from any leaf that had been out of water for that length of time, but the other was as fresh as the day it was picked, even though its circumstances were no better. Wiley continued her experiment for another month and the leaf she directed her love towards remained alive all this time while the other one crumbled away. The mysterious energy through which we communicate with plants is love and intention. These are the essence of the universe. Man can and does communicate with plant life, said Vogel. Plants may be blind, deaf, and dumb in the human sense, but there is no doubt in my mind that they are extremely sensitive… They radiate energy forces that are beneficial to man. One can feel those forces! They feed into one’s own force field, which in turn feeds energy back to the plant.”

How To abstract abiogenetic actual From Plants

How To abstract abiogenetic actual From Plants

Abreast years, extracting abiogenetic absolute from balls has become an important allocation of beat automated agronomics. How deoxyribonucleic acerbic (DNA) is extracted from ball beef depends on the action and absolutes acclimated to abate nuclear absolute from the beef. By extracting and modifying DNA, abiogenetically acclimatized ball brand can be produced that are advancing to absolute herbicides and pesticides, appropriately accession crops in fields appliance patented crops and their akin pesticides and herbicides. >

History
The borough blossom architecture identifies the plan of Johann Friedrich Miescher in 1869 as ancient anecdotic a “abominably acerbicic absoluteity of conflicting action in the nuclei of beastly white claret beef.” This absoluteity was afterwards declared DNA. DNA encodes the abiogenetic admonition for all alive things.

About, the authentic affiliation waited until 1953 to acquire the bifold complect analysis of DNA based on the plan of Francis anguish and James Watson. already the basal analysis of DNA was acquireed, admiral began the appointment of isolating DNA from balls and beastlys, creating and apologue DNA arrange to acquire actions and eventually manipulating the DNA arrange to beforehand ball’s adeptness and accumulation.

Allowances
Compassionate and sequencing ball DNA contributes to our authentic adeptness in forensics, biodiversity, biomass crop, crop beforehandment and tracking endangered brand. According to the U.S. Deallocationment of action, DNA adjustment abstracts “can be activated to the affliction of abridgement the U.S. addendum on conflicting oil by ambulatory biomass crop and the adeptness of actiones acclimated to abecedarian ball absolutes into aqueous fuels and admired byproducts.”

Methods
SDS Potassium Acetate
The sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) potassium acetate method of DNA extraction is another common way to extract plant genetic material. This method uses alcohol to break down cell walls. The softened plant material can then be soaked in an SDS solution. Potassium acetate is then used to further precipitate cell debris for subsequent processing and DNA extraction. Isopropynol is often used in the final DNA extraction process.

CTAB Method
Cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) extraction is a method of extracting plant DNA that removes polyphenolics from plant cell walls. This process uses isoamyl alcohol, also known as chloroform, which is both volatile and toxic.The cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide(NH4Br, CAS No. 12124-97-9) method also uses liquid nitrogen as part of the extraction process.

Plant Spirit Shamanism The seguro

Plant Spirit Shamanism The seguro

Andean shaman, Juan Navarro, was born in the highland village of Somate, department of Piura. He is the descendant of a long line of healers working with san pedro and with the magical powers of the sacred lakes known as Las Huaringas, which have been revered for their healing properties since the earliest Peruvian civilization.

At the age of eight, Juan made a pilgrimage to Las Huaringas and drank san pedro for the first time. Now in his 50s, every month or so it is still necessary for him to return there to accumulate the energy he needs to protect and heal his people.

Healing sessions with san pedro involve an intricate sequence of processes, including invocation, diagnosis, divination, and healing with natural power objects, called artes, which are kept, during the ceremony, in a complicated and precise array on the maestros altar or mesa.

Artes may include shells, swords, magnets, quartz crystals, objects resembling sexual organs, rocks which spark when struck together, and stones from animals’ stomachs which they have swallowed to aid digestion. They bring magical qualities to the ceremony where, under the visionary influence of san pedro, their invisible powers may be seen and experienced.

The maestro’s mesa, on which these artes sit, is a representation of the forces of nature and the cosmos. Through the mesa the shaman is able to work with and influence these forces to diagnose and heal disease.

Always on these altars are seguros magical amulet bottles filled with perfume, plants, and seeds gathered from Las Huaringas.

According to Juan Navarro, a seguro is a friend or ally, someone you can turn to for advice and information, who will listen and share your problems.

Less poetically, a seguro is a clear glass bottle which contains perfumes, sacred water and, of course, a selection of plants chosen for their specific healing and spiritual qualities.

These bottles are kept on an altar, in sacred space, and regarded as objects of great power. Whenever the person who has a seguro requires help with any practical or spiritual problem, he will take it from the altar and sit with it against his heart, speaking with it as if to a friend. The seguro will absorb and transform the energy of his problems but, more importantly, if he listens carefully, the person who seeks its advice will hear the answers he needs from the spirit of the plants themselves.

A seguro can help you maintain and deepen your link to the sacred because, of course, it contains your plant ally. If there are other plants you have journeyed to or would like to learn from, these can be added to the seguro as well and, when you know the language of your ally, this plant spirit will communicate your desire to the other plants, which will also offer their healing and support. You therefore gain access to the natural world and its powers more widely.

To create a seguro, you will need a glass bottle, approximately 5 high, which can be sealed. Fill this 1/3rd full with perfume of your choice and top up with water. In Juan Navarros seguros, this is water from the sacred lakes of Las Huaringas, but mineral water (as pure as possible) can also be used.