Category Archives: Plant

Garden Plants for the Home Gardener

Garden Plants for the Home Gardener

Confused about which bedding plants to buy? Bedding plants can refer to flowers, shrubs, herbs, vegetables, fruits, and many more. There are also gardening plants that are in season at different times of the year, some in fall and winter, others in spring and summer. The type of garden you are planting will determine the bedding plant choice; there are plenty of gardening plants available to suit your preferences.

If you want garden plants that you can eventually eat instead of just look at, vegetables, herbs, and fruits are the clear choice. Edible plants add an excitement to gardening because of the produce available at harvest time. The main vegetables grown in smaller, home gardens as well as larger ones include corn, peas, cucumbers, potatoes, squash, peppers, onions, carrots, spinach, lettuce, and beets. Popular fruits are pears, plums, tomatoes, blueberries, apricots, cherries, and strawberries. Herbs are used for their wonderful fragrances, to spice up a salad, and in cooking. Herbs that are often home grown include thyme, sage, dill, mint, lavender, and chives.

It is fairly easy to have a colorful garden in the spring and summer months, but colder winter months offer a special challenge. Even though it is difficult, with planning and a little more care you can have a colorful garden year round. One gardening plant that thrives in the fall and winter months is the Rudbeckia, a beautiful yellow perennial. Others include the Christmas rose, the Japanese Anemone, and Cosmos.

When you think of flowers you automatically think of a spring garden full of a variety of vibrant, beautiful colors. Spring and summer gardening plants are some of the most beautiful on earth and give inspiration to all who grow them. Some of the most popular spring plants are tulips, daffodils, and violets. Favorites of the warmer months of summer are lilies, dahlias, and roses.

When landscaping, many opt for decorative grasses or shrubs. Monkey grass is an all time favorite, especially for a sidewalk. These will gardening plants can be for looks, can act as a border or fence, and can be used for privacy. Shrubs are easy to take care of and add a defining look to any yard or garden.

There are so many different kinds of gardening plants available. Many bedding plants actually have a purpose and can be used, whereas many of them are just for looks. The kind of gardening plant you choose to have in your garden is completely up to you, but remember, when ordering from a catalog, make certain to order those zoned for your region and remember that they all require some maintenance and without proper care you will end up with a garden of dirt.

Plants Can Die During A Warm Spell.

Plants Can Die During A Warm Spell.

To state the obvious, plants cannot live without water – a protracted dry spell in the summer months can result in serious losses the plants most at risk. Newly planted shrubs and trees, bedding plants, shallow-rooted vegetables and climbers growing close to a house. Even deep rooted well established plants like Roses can suffer, trials have shown that growth is impaired and the flowering season is curtailed if these plants are not watered during a dry summer.

As with all garden plants, the battle against water shortage begins well prior to the dry days of summer. Incorporate adequate organic matter into the soil before planting or sowing, and ensure that the soil is completely moist to a depth of about 9 inches when planting or sowing. Mulch in late spring – you will have now done all of the preparatory work that you possibly can.

Problems:

Soil with an average crop of plants loses about four and a half gallons of water per sq. yd per week in the summer and 2 gallons per week in spring and autumn. This is equivalent to 1 inch of rain water in summer and 1/2 inch in spring or autumn. If there is no rain and you have not watered the ground, this water comes from your soil’s reserve and drying out occurs.

A point is reached when there is not enough water left to support healthy plant growth, and foliage starts to appear dull. Leaf rolling is soon followed by wilting and leaf fall, the final stage is death.

The solution:

The solution is, obviously, to water….. but to do this properly is not as simple as it sounds. Timing, quantity and method all have to be considered. There is, on the other hand, a few general principles.

A plant should never be left until it starts to show visible signs of distress during a prolonged period of drought. Wilting means that you have waited too long, the time to water your plants is when the soil below a couple of inches depth is dry and the foliage looks dull.

Never apply a small quantity of water (less than 1 gallon per sq,yd) and then repeat the watering every few days. This constant soaking of your surface and water-starvation of the lower root zone results in rapid evaporation, surface rooting which can be damaged in hot weather, and germination of weed seeds.

Choose from overall watering and point watering. When you have a substantial area go through and lots of plants of various sizes, then overall watering must be your choice. This involves watering an area instead of restricting the watering to the root zone of every individual plant. Some people use a watering can, but you actually do will want a hose pipe if watering is not to be a prolonged chore.

The usual system is to walk slowly along the borders and around the beds with a hand-held hose fitted with a suitable nozzle. a sprinkler makes the task easier and is necessary for all but the tiniest of lawns.

The better approach to watering vegetables and shrubs are the sprinkler hoses and seep hoses, but they can be expensive. Point watering is used where there is a limited amount of large plants to deal with. The methods used are all designed to limit the water to the immediate zone covered by the roots of every plant.

Water thoroughly when you have decided to water. If you are using a watering can, remove the rose. Hold the spout near the base of the plant and water slowly. If you use a sprinkler water in the evening – never in hot sunshine. With overall watering apply 2 – 4 gallons per sq. yd, using the higher amount during midsummer in sandy soils and with high risk plants.

With point watering use 1 – 4 gallons per plant, depending on the size of shrub or tree. Repeat the watering if there is no rain. There is no easy way to work out the right time to do this repeat watering. Dig down with a trowel and examine the soil at 3 – 4 inches below the surface. If it’s dry, then water. As a general rule watering will probably be required about every 7 days during a period of drought.

Commercial Grade Large Planters For Your Restaurant

Commercial Grade Large Planters For Your Restaurant

Restaurant planters or hotel planters are usually large, elegant, and functional. Their unusual sizes are not only for style but for a purpose. They can serve as a boarder or a liner for the restaurant’s outdoor setting. Instead of putting fences or railings, large planters are more trendy and can add beauty to the restaurant.

Large fiberglass planters are the most commonly used planters in commercial establishments. Fiberglass are lightweight and durable which makes them ideal for outdoor settings. Some would even use big planters on casters so that it can easily be moved when they change their outdoor arrangements.

Most restaurant planters today are not only used as an ordinary containers for plants nor a restaurant decoration. Four of the top grade restaurant planters that combine function and style for restaurants today are as follow:

Coronado Premier Planters
These large commercial planters are used by the well-known Hotel Del Coronado, one of the oldest wood hotels. It is 36 inches long and 13 inches wide which are perfect for outdoor dining areas because they won’t occupy too much space. It looks like wood but it is actually made of Premium Cellular PVC.

Good thing about PVC is that guests cannot really tell that the large planters are not real wood. The material is durable compared to real wood because it won’t rot and can withstand bad weather conditions. They can also be painted with any color and can easily be cleaned.

Capri Rectangle Flower Planters
The Capri Rectangle Flower Planters are very simple yet innovative and elegant. They create an illusion of floating slightly above the ground. The compartment of these large planters are larger than the supportive footprint underneath.

The Capri Planters come in a variety of textures, colors, shapes and finishes that compliments any plants, flowers, bushes, and even trees. They are slightly bigger than the Coronado Premier Planters but they can be ordered in custom sizes.

Cairo Vase Planters
The Cairo Vase Planters has long been used in ancient Egyptian time. Their exquisite beauty and elegance perfectly fits in classical themed restaurants or luxurious dining areas. They may not be too functional compared to the Coronado and Capri Planters but with its charming appearance, you can have an unusually large vase as a centerpiece in any indoor or outdoor setting.

Custom planters for the Cairo Vase planters are also available. So they can be made in medium or small sizes which can be placed anywhere as a group to accent restaurant doorways, reception areas, and other spaces.

Valencia Round Fiberglass Planters
These are commercial grade planters that has the classic Mediterranean style that can be refreshing for outdoor restaurant settings. The Valencia Round fiberglass planters are highly durable and resistant to any possible damages like staining, scuffing, or wearing off. These round planters have small circular footprint that can occupy less space in your restaurant.

Large Commercial Planters are of high quality which makes them long lasting. They will be a good investment for any commercial establishments not only in terms of function but also in attracting more clients or customers.

How To Clone Anthurium Plants Using Vegetative Cloning

How To Clone Anthurium Plants Using Vegetative Cloning

Just how do anthurium growers fill requirements for anthurium flowers that may run inside the range of several million stems each year? They merely raise tens of thousands of anthurium plants to be able to create millions of blooms.

But where do these thousands and thousands of anthurium plants originate from? They’re produced by a method of anthurium propagation called tissue culture or vegetative cloning. With this particular process, you’ll be able to commence with 1 plant and produce tens of thousands of plants in a very small time period.

First, the cultivator selects an excellent specimen. This specimen is going to be replicated countless times, so a great deal of time and energy is placed into selecting the very finest specimen available. As soon as this important plant is chosen, the grower will take it to a laboratory.

Inside the laboratory, a technician confirms that the specimen is free of disease and next chops off a bit of it. Then the technician will sterilize the sample and set it into a beaker which contains an agar medium. This beaker in addition contains specific plant chemicals that trigger the specimen to develop a callus, which is actually an undifferentiated bunch of plant cells.

The callus is divided into many pieces and then permitted to grow. This particular technique is repeated numerous times. Once enough material is developed, the calluses are moved to a cultivation medium that includes plant chemicals which trigger the undifferentiated tissues to transform in to shoots and roots. This causes many hundreds of plantlets to grow from each callus.

Right after the plantlets have developed adequately, they are replanted directly into brand new beakers to mature further. When they’ve attained a size where they can survive in open air, they’re taken off the flasks and moved into pots. These brand-new plants are permitted to grow within the firmly governed conditions of a green house for a while. Then, after they have acclimated to developing in open air, they’re sent back to the cultivator for planting in to his farm.

FATHER OF INDIAN PLANT ANATOMY

FATHER OF INDIAN PLANT ANATOMY

Prof. P. JAYARAMAN was born on 15.12.1936 in a village called Vettavalam in Thiruvannamalai District in Tamil Nadu. He had his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in Botany from Presidency College, Chennai. He was the last Ph.D. student of Dr. B.G.L. Swamy who is one of the eminent Professors of Plant Morphology and also a former Principal of Presidency College, Chennai. His area of specialization was Plant Anatomy. He studied and served in the Presidency College, Chennai.

He is one of the renowned teachers in the field of Plant Anatomy in India. He has guided more than 10 Ph.D. students directly and offered research expertise to more than 100 Ph.D. scholars indirectly. He retired from Service in 1995, but he has not retired from Science/scientific studies. Just after his retirement, he has established a Research Laboratory in Chennai viz., PLANT ANATOMY RESEARCH CENTRE (PARC), which is located at No. 4, 2nd Street, Sakthi Nagar, West Tambaram, Chennai – 600045. Phone No. 044-22263236, E-mail ID: .

Research Scholars, Students, Teachers, Scientists and others from different disciplines of Plant Sciences across the country visit his laboratory for identification, authentication, consultation and guidance, anatomical description of plant organs and also to seek his expert opinion before proceeding to any research in plant anatomy/medicinal plants. People also visit PARC for referring rare and valuable books, Ph.D. theses, Dissertations, Journals etc. In fact, PARC is a REFERENCE CENTRE for the Herbal Scientists and Plant Anatomists. He has a Repository of more than 500 Voucher slides in PARC.

He has attained 75 years in December 2010. He devoted two third of his life span (about 45 years) to study different plant groups anatomically and gained a wealth of knowledge in Plant Anatomy as well as in Medicinal Plants. I can proudly say that in India, no one has studied the plants anatomically, the way he has studied. He is a -LIVING ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PLANT ANATOMY’. There is a famous biblical scripture that -Man looks at the outward appearance, but God looks at the Heart. Yes, he looks at the -HEART, MIND and SOUL of PLANTS’, that is, the VASCULATURES (Vascular structures), which enables us to differentiate one species from the other anatomically.

He deserves to be designated as the -FATHER OF INDIAN PLANT ANATOMY’. In recognition of his untiring service and outstanding contribution to the field of Plant Anatomy, he may be decorated as the -FATHER OF INDIAN PLANT ANATOMY’. Let us all pray to Almighty to give him pink health, wealth and longevity to serve the scientific fraternity.

Is it possible to grow any plant or vegetable without soil

Is it possible to grow any plant or vegetable without soil

Hydroponic cultivation is a great way to grow plants and vegetables without soil because it is efficient, flexible, simple, affordable and fun.

Hydroponic gardening is a healthy way to start eating right and maintaining a healthy diet. It allows you to grow the plants, fruits and vegetables of your choice in limited space without using soil. It’s an amazing way to produce perfect plants and vegetables and offers many of advantages that traditional gardening can’t come close to touching!

I didn’t have a green thumb. To be honest with you, I had a reputation of being a plant-killer. I could buy the best potting soil, follow instructions from a book perfectly, and still end up with a puny, malnourished plant almost every time.

That always disappointed me, too. Like everyone else, I love plants. I appreciate their natural beauty and I am a big fan of tasty, fresh vegetables. Unfortunately, my “black thumb” was holding me back.

That’s before I really learned about hydroponics.

You may be asking yourself what is Hydroponics?

Hydroponics (from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, labor) is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil. Terrestrial plants may be grown with their roots in the mineral nutrient solution only or in an inert medium, such as perlite, gravel, mineral wool, or coconut husk.

Researchers discovered in the 19th century that plants absorb essential mineral nutrients as inorganic ions in water. In natural conditions, soil acts as a mineral nutrient reservoir but the soil itself is not essential to plant growth. When the mineral nutrients in the soil dissolve in water, plant roots are able to absorb them.

When the required mineral nutrients are introduced into a plant’s water supply artificially, soil is no longer required for the plant to thrive. Almost any terrestrial plant will grow with hydroponics. Hydroponics is also a standard technique in biology research and teaching.

Here are a few tips to help you grow your nutritious garden:

-Tip #1 Choose the right containers to plant crops for your hydroponic garden. For example, use plastic containers, if you wish to use a hydroponic system with plants in water only.

-Tip #2 Select appropriate plants according to the size of your containers. You can choose from almost any of the vegetable or fruits such as lettuce, tomatoes and cucumbers to grow.

-Tip #3 Find a sunny location for your hydroponic crops. Crops grown hydroponically need the same amount of sun light as plants grown in soil.

-Tip #4 To construct your hydroponics garden, you need to order hydroponic kits from any garden suppliers. You need a simple hydroponic system, a plastic mesh tray, an air pump, and a soil less growing medium to support the roots of the plant. You can choose from sand, gravel, or coconut husks as your growing medium.

-Tip #5 To prepare the container for planting the crop, add one to two inches of sand or coconut husks at the bottom of the container.

-Tip #6 Place the air pump and add plant nutrient solution in sufficient quantity to fill the container to a reasonable level and then place the mesh tray to cover the container top.

-Tip #7 Place your plants in the tray, allowing the roots to hang down from the top.

-Tip #8 Start the air pump when you have finished inserting the plants on the tray. The air pump will provide the required oxygen to the plant from its roots.

-Tip #9 Monitor the level of nutrient solution in your container.

House Plants in the Dark

House Plants in the Dark

Plants Do Not Grow in the Dark

You can have house plants in the dark, but you cannot just leave them there, they will die. This is because plants do not grow in the dark, sunlight is necessary for plant growth, even if it is reflected light.

Keeping house plants in the dark will only weaken them and they will become soft. Just because a plant is called an indoor plant, does not mean that it is going to survive in all places in the home. There are many indoor plants that actually require quite a lot of light, too.

To define low-light, if you can still cast a shadow, or still read a book by the available natural light, then it is low-light. Anything with less light is, well, dark. If it is necessary to use artificial light to enter a room, then it is too dark to grow plants in.

Some of the areas defined as low light, might be the far end of the hallway, some downstairs room, bathroom, etc. Apartments are often lacking window space, or may have little windows.

If you are determined that you simply must have living plants in the really dark areas of your home, there is a way, but it requires effort. This idea requires that you set up a system of rotation with your house plants.

Rotating Your House Plants in the Dark.
This will only work if you already have house plants growing in more favorably lit areas.

Before we start, you can Only leave indoor plants in darkened areas for a few days, three to five – at the most. You replace this plant with one of your other houseplants, that is currently getting the most light.

Move all your other plants one spot closer to the brightest area. The plant you took from the dark area, is placed in the least lighted area. If all plants get the same amount of light, all good and well, just swap out one plant at a time – light for dark.

If you take the plant from the dark and stick it straight outside in the sun, the leaves are going to burn and, the shock will probably kill it. You must introduce it to the sunlight again, gradually.

Along the same lines, If the plant has not regained its full health by the time you have run out of other plants to replace it with – get some more. If you put an already weakened plant back into some dark recess, it will only continue to weaken.

This is a fair amount of effort just to have some plant down the end of the hall. Therefore, it may pay to first assess just why you want it there in the first place. Does that area get a lot of passing traffic? Could be simpler to merely buy any of the life-like silk-plants commonly available.

Best Low Light House Plants.
The following plants are famous for their low light tolerance. They are also excellent for novice indoor gardeners. The fact that they are very difficult to kill, being the primary reason.

Sanseviera.
Also known as Mother-In-Laws Tongue or, Snake Plant. This plant can withstand anything from very low light indoors, to being discarded in the middle of a paddock. Very, very, hardy. Do not plant in the garden – too hard to kill.

Japanese Hollyfern – Phanerophlebia falcata.
If you live in an apartment, this is the plant you want. It will thrive with low light, low humidity, a hot dry atmosphere and drafts. The name comes from the fronds, looking a bit like Christmas holly. Reaching to 60 cm indoors.

Zanzibar Gem – Zamioculcas zamiifolia
These glossy, fern-like leaves resemble a cycad. Quite tolerant of extended dry periods and, low light conditions. Indestructibility rating – high.

Aglonema.
Also know as Chinese Evergreen. These plants really prefer moderate light but will adapt well to low light. They have large dark green spear-shaped leaves, that are heavily marbled with white, cream or silver and white. An easy-care plant. Avoid placing in direct sunlight.

The Dracaena Family.
These plants are mostly long-stemmed, tending to leggy if left unattended, with rosettes of strap-like foliage. Thrives on neglect.

Dracaena Marginata.
Also know as Dragon Tree. Its bonsai-like trunk branches with age and can grow up to ten feet high. The basic species has narrowed, arching leaves, which are edged with red.

Dracaena fragrans Massangeana.
Also know as Corn Plant, Happy, or Fortune Plant. These have long wide leaves that arc gracefully from the stalk. Usually white variegated. Can be grown merely sitting in a bowl of stones, for stability. A fair indication of their tolerance to most conditions.

Parlor Palm – Neanthe Bella.
Used extensively in the Victorian era, this was a most popular plant to have in one’s parlor. Leaves are a stiff spike at first, to open as a handsome fan. Primarily a low light specimen, this fellow is very hardy.

Kentia Palm – Howea forsteriana
Another popular and decorative palm. With a slender trunk and dark-green, elegant, drooping, fan-like fronds. Will put up with dark to bright areas and dry atmosphere.

The Cast Iron Plant – Aspidistra.
Long, deep green, ribbed leaves, also variegated varieties. Couldn’t be more aptly named, this is one of the toughest and most adaptable of house plants. For all intents and purposes, this plant is indestructible.

Climbing Asparagus Fern.
Evergreen long-lived, perennial, understory plants. Emerging from an underground crown, the canes have backward-facing spikes to assist with climbing. Largish, branched fronds, covered in tiny little whisker-like leaves. These plants will tolerate practically any condition, including drought and saline soils. Massive root-system. Due to their indestructible nature, they have been declared a noxious species in many places.

With all indoor plants, in order for them to survive, conditions similar to their natural environment need to be reconstructed – within reason. As far as natural environments go, you will find that plants do not grow in the dark. Why then are people surprised at their failure when trying to grow their house plants in the dark.

How to Build Home Made Power Plant

How to Build Home Made Power Plant

Would you like to find out more about the Home Made Power Plant guide, and whether or not you can really build your own sources of power at home? Having your own power sources at home can save a lot of money. I decided to get the Home Made Power Plant guide to learn how to build my own wind turbines and solar panels at home.

The Negatives: The book is not a perfect step by step example of exactly how to build the same solar panels and wind generators that the author, Frank Patrick, built. But, it does a better job at this than most of its competitors.

This informative manual will teach you how to cut your energy costs by up to 80%. It will also show you how it is possible to get your utility company to pay you, each month, for the surplus energy you generate. It is possible!

The manual also provides step-by-step instructions (photos included) on how to build your own solar and wind generators, for the unbelievable price of UNDER $200. Both of these generators will last a lifetime and will save you thousands of dollars, overall.

As the technology to mass produce cheap electrical power from the wind advances, wind power is expected to play a much larger role in energy production. Nuclear power plants are also expected to contribute to more energy production than in the past. As the world strives to reduce it’s dependence on fossil fuels, the future looks brighter than ever for renewable energy sources.

Working with wood and metal to build specified objects can be rewarding and fun. Actually, you can construct and install equipment for approximately $200 which will produce sufficient energy to run each of your residential appliances. With a well-constructed wind generator, a good 20 mph breeze is enough to let you produce extra electricity. What’s left can be stored and made useful when the wind is weak. Owning a power plant means always having electricity.

Frank Patrick, the creator of Home Made Power Plant, said that those bonus were available just the day of my order, but they are still now available, so no need to worry about that: I think they will be available for many months. I took one and a half day to build the solar panel following the Home Made Solar Plant’s plan. It wasn’t such easy to build, but it wasn’t difficult. Well, think that I’m an alternative energy researcher, a scientist, not an engineer! However, after less than 2 days, I was able to make my solar panel work.

A lot of people who bought this guide thought that the construction of an electricity generator will take a lot of time. However, they were able to finish everything in just a few hours. All the instructions and illustrations on the plan were so easy to follow. We hope that this Home Made Power Plant review was able to convince you about the benefits of an electricity generator system built by you yourself.

outdoor artificial plants, faux hedges, fake hedges, artificial shrubs, artificial azaleas, artific

outdoor artificial plants, faux hedges, fake hedges, artificial shrubs, artificial azaleas, artific

Through the years, outdoor artificial plants pride themselves in providing lasting appearance and beauty on your front yard. Professional garden designers and landscape architects used them as outdoor applications in barren locations and even in bare decks and patios. Albeit they are faux, they will not easily fade away if they are exposed to the sun and other elements because they are made of high-class materials impregnated with another ingredient for ultraviolet degradation. Fake hedges and artificial shrubs in various sizes and shapes can also add an extraordinary ambiance without the extra effort of live plants.

In some degree, these foliages bring everlasting happiness and enjoyment to the multitude of people. Their exquisiteness conveys specific messages and statements that will truly create an impact to the passersby. Aside from artificial azaleas, gardenias and geraniums, you can use the artificial vines as additional accents herded in hanging baskets and big planters.

Here are the suggestive ideas that can help you enhance the structures of your own flower garden.

1.) Create a scheme. It is imperative that you will meticulously plan the landscape of your desired garden for a magnificent outcome. If you want something perennial, you need to keep the foliages that bloom for all seasons like daylilies, bougainvillea, coreopsis, ferns and cone flowers.

2.) If you are living in a tropical area, it is an advantage to put artificial bougainvillea for a glowing atmosphere. They will look more vibrant if they are placed in aesthetic containers or planters.

3.) Putting an extra touch in your garden is not bad. Create an interesting curves or focal points that would be much more appealing to the eyes of the viewers. The mixture of stones, artificial azaleas and ferns in one spot will absolutely enthrall one’s attention.

4.) Regularly check the growing foliages on your garden. Hedges and shrubs will not look perfect if they are not properly trimmed.

5.) Use colors effectively. Don’t be afraid to always play with the color because they can give your yard a romantic and lively appearance. Artificial vines on , faux the trellis blended with bushes on artificial boxwood can give a feeling of excitement to your neighbors.

6.) Maintain the freshness of the plants. Your visitors will be delighted to touch and smell the blooms up close.

7.) Fill your place with the fragrance of flowering foliages. Aside from their smell can relax your baffled mind, they can help your garden feel even cozier and more comfortable.

8.) If you are a busy person and you want a place for relaxation, you can simply put some sheets of lattice on your deck or install fake hedges on the side wall. They can absolutely increase the level of privacy.

9.) For extra effect and outdoor-friendly mode, you can add some good-looking furniture that goes with your landscape.

10.) Apart from using faux hedges as protection from the blistering heat of the sun, you can expertly arrange the artificial azaleas or bougainvillea in hanging baskets and mounted them on your deck or balcony.

There are lots of valuable ideas and techniques available in the internet on how to customize your own yard. You can also buy some books that talk about home improvements, gardening and landscaping. Through these resources, you can think of better ways in transforming the old setting of your garden into a modern courtyard.

About the author: Lyan Osalia is an author and researcher for HooksandLattice.com. She enjoys sharing her discoveries of unique displays of hedge privacy screen and fake hedge for both home and commercial use.For more information you can call 800-896-0978.